San Mauro Castelverde, and the San Mauro mountain, take their name from a piece of the skull of the Saint which Benedictine monks are said to have given to the town. The Normans took control of San Mauro in the 11th Century, but it was the middle ages and the Ventimiglia family who stamped the most lasting mark on the town, and whose legacy can most easily be identified today.
Wonderfully sited, 1,000 meters above sea level, the town is dotted with several interesting secular and religious buildings. The 18th Century Chiesa Madre with its 15th century bell tower houses a 16th century marble altarpiece and fragments of a medieval polyptych of the Madonna and Child. The Medieval Chiesa di Santa Maria dei Franchi has a 16th century baptismal font by Antonello Gagini. The former Town Hall houses an anthropological museum.